It is quite a thrill when you think of visiting a new country and experiencing different cultures. There is, however, a serious side to travelling. This is because visiting a foreign country also means you are exposed to viruses and bacteria you may never have encountered in your home country. That is why travel vaccines are lifesavers for you.
For these reasons, travel jabs become a stressful thought for travellers. The kind of booster jab you will receive before you travel is determined by the season in which you will be travelling and the geographical location of the place you will be visiting. Though there are many diseases to worry about, below is a brief discussion of some of those diseases that are of concern.
Japanese Encephalitis is one such disease that is contracted through bites from infected mosquitoes usually in tropical surroundings.s which is contracted from a mosquito bite Though its symptoms may not be very serious, it could cause problems like inflammation of the brain. The travel inoculation is given in 3 doses and a month before the day of traveling. Culprit countries are; South East Asia, Far East, and Tropical North East Australia.
Another disease is Malaria which is a tropical disease that is spread to humans by mosquitoes of the Anopheles species. The symptoms of a malaria infection begin to show 10 days to 21 days after infection and they may include all or some of the following; flu-like symptoms, joint and muscle -aches, fever, chills, vomiting, nausea and a general feeling of being sick. Malaria prevention is done by administering a course of anti-malarial tabs 3weeks before you travel and continued 4 weeks after your return home. The regions that have this travel requirement include; Asia, Africa, and the Middle East.
Typhoid fever is a concern for people travelling abroad. It is spread through poor hygiene in contaminated water or food. It is a serious viral disease whose symptoms include, diarrhea, fever, headaches. Typhoid can kill. Vaccination should be given one month before the day of travel. Additionally, you should take care when eating food, eg eat fruits you have washed and peeled for yourself, water -take boiled or treated clean tapped or bottle sealed water. Central and South America, Africa, Asia and the Middle East are among the regions where typhoid is prevalent.
Another disease that is considered serious is the Yellow fever. This disease is only existent in Tropical South America and Sub-Saharan Africa. It is caused by a bite from an infected mosquito. Symptoms of yellow fever include a headache, jaundice, bleeding and vomiting. This disease is fatal. In some countries, East Africa in particular, requires a certificate of inoculation before entry. The travel vaccine is administered 10 days before your day of travel and it lasts up to 10 years.
Travellers should visit a travel medical clinic near them so that they can prepare themselves adequately for a successful and enjoyable safe trip.