The Spread of the Use of Marijuana from the Arabs to Europe

Note the interesting medical use of the newly emerging marijuana of the Arabs is its efficacy to cure tumors. Ibn Bukhari in the 11th century said that the juice from cannabis leaves could cure ‘abscess’ in the head, Ibn-al-Baytar a century later mentioned the efficacy of oil from medical cannabis seeds to remove hardened tumors (al-awram al-siya). Another note came from Muhammad Riza Shirwani in the 17th century who used medical cannabis seeds for the treatment of tumors in the uterus (Mu’min, 1669).

At the beginning of the 13th century, there was the first ban in the Arab world based on the teachings of Islam regarding the use of marijuana, precisely during the reign of king al-Zahir (Hamarneh, 1957). But a royal doctor named Yusuf ibn Rasul still insisted on using it in medical practice to cure headaches (Lewis et al. 1971).

The use of marijuana as a treatment spread to Europe and even to South America from the Arab countries. The Arabs were the first to introduce the European continent with one of the most important inventions of mankind, namely paper (coincidentally the raw material was the fiber of cannabis stems). The Arabs also mediated the spread of ancient sciences from the Greek and Roman golden ages, one of which was medical science or medicine. In this case, the Arabs have a collection of knowledge of the most effective medicinal properties of medical cannabis plants throughout the world before the 20th century. The following is a list of some of the medical experts listed in the literature who mentioned the efficacy of drugs from marijuana:

Ibn Wafid al-Lajmi (11th century) – Marijuana seeds to increase the production of breast milk & cure the pain of amenorrhea.

Ibn al-Baytar (1291) – Marijuana for smooth urination.
Ishaq b. Sulayman (1986) – Marijuana can warm the body.
Jabir ibn Hayyan (8th century) – Marijuana has psychoactive properties (the book of al-Sumum).
Umar Ibn Yusuf ibn Rasul (13th century) – Cannabis as a headache medicine.
Ibn al-Baytar (1291 AH) – Cannabis seed oil to reduce nerve pain.
Al-Qazwini (1849) – Marijuana juice to reduce pain in inflammation of the eyeball.
Tibbnama (1712) – A collision of cannabis stems and leaves to treat hemorrhoids.
Al-Masi (10th century) – Marijuana for the treatment of epilepsy.
Al-Badri (1464) – Marijuana to treat epilepsy.
Abu Mansur ibn Muwaffak (10th century) – Marijuana to treat headaches
Avicenna (1294) – Juice from cannabis leaves to cure tinea versicolor on the skin.
Al-Razi – Marijuana leaf juice to stimulate hair growth.
Ibn Bukhari (11th century) – Marijuana leaf juice to cure abscesses (tumors) in the head.
Muhammad Riza Shirwani (17th century) – Marijuana seed oil to treat tumors in the uterus.… Read More

The Art of Mastering Tips

The Tips That Can Help You To Pick The Ideal Electrician For Your Home

Electricity is one of the most useful components for homes. It is true that most of your devices at home will not function without the electricity.When you have a problem with electricity in your home, you will definitely feel very uncomfortable and much stressed. When your power has problems, your devices will as well be at a risk of getting damaged. Let the professionals do the repairs of the electricity in your home so that you cannot cause more troubles by trying to fix the problem by yourself or by hiring unqualified and unskilled electricians for your home. You will get to know that picking the right electrical technician to do the repairs for your home is not an easy job. You can get the best electrician for your home with the right guidelines and by following them. Analyzed below are the important ways you can follow so that you can pick the perfect electrician.

Qualification and license
It is very important for you to consider going to the qualified and licensed electricians. When you hire the accredited electrician, it will be evident to you that the persons are qualified because they have followed all the required rules set by the relevant authorities. You can easily get out of the uncertainties about the licensing of the electricians by calling the electrician company that they are declaring has covered them.

Work details and bids
Make sure that you have determined the nature of the repairs and go exactly for the electricians that suits you the best. Make sure that you have invited the experts to come to the site and evaluate the whole damage and tell you what needs to be done to do the repairs and what they want you to buy for the work.Get the bid and make sure that everything of your choice is included.

Get the work timetable and how you are going to pay them
Make sure that you have known the time schedule of various electricians so that you do not go for the one who is going to interfere with plans of your home.Get to know if the price list includes the details of labor and price of materials. Then get to decide with your contractor if you are going to pay by periodic or stage mode of payments.

Clarify everything
Let the electricians explain to you the methodology they are going to use to successfully complete the project.

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The Ultimate Guide to Delivery

Find the Best Maryland Crabs

You may have heard the famous Maryland crab and the many different meals you can make out of that. With so many people out there selling the same product, you may be confused how to choose the right one. You have to ensure you have bought the crab from the right supplier if you are to enjoy the true Maryland crab. Following the tips below will help you in making the right choice.

Start by identifying out what you want. When you determine that you wish to have, the person selling to you will know you have the right information and will not give you just anything. The people who are familiar with the crab they know the difference between the male and the female crabs. So when you are ordering you need to specify what you want. What makes the major difference between the two is that the female ones have wide apron at the back of their shell while the male has a narrow-shaped shell. Some crab eaters say that they love female meat but here are those who say they would rather take the male crab so that they can leave the female for multiplication.

The other choice that you need to make is about size. The best crab to eat is between four to six inches. Some of those who sell the crab may give them numbers like one, two and three to differentiate the sizes. You need to specify in your order which size you think will be best for you. The other thing you need to include in your order is the quantity. The quantity will depend on what you love. As you choose your crab, the limit for the male is five inches, but for female it can be any size legally as long as it is alive.

They say eating a crab, you need a fatty and juicy one. If you are to have an interesting moment in your crab eating, the fatty and the juicy one should be your choice. You also need to ensure you get the crab from the right sellers. If you live in the coastal region, you should identify the local fishermen’s wharf. You will be privileged to get the fresh ones from the sea. Make sure you buy them when they are in season.

Buying the crab directly from those who have fished will cost less. You need to ensure that your vendor can ship your product very promptly. Crabs are some of the foods that are a highly perishable and you must make sure that you buy from a vendor who knows the urgency of shipping their product in time. You should also make sure that they are stored in clean tanks. You should make sure that you are growing from the clean tanks nit with green substances growing on the sides of the storage tank.

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The Essentials of Plumbers – Breaking Down the Basics

What Qualities an Emergency Plumber Should Possess

Plumbing seems like a really small thing but it is what allows us to use piped water in our households. Since in most cases we are not able to take care of the plumbing work by ourselves, we require the services of a plumber; these re professionals who are tasked with maintaining our plumbing system both ion a commercial as well as residential level. In case the pipes either transporting gas or even water burst or leaks, it can pose a danger to the resifd3enrs of a home. If you select an excellent plumber to take care of your plumbing work; you will be sure to get quality services. It is for this reason that this article will have its focus on the things that we ought to consider when out searching for a plumber.

The first element that you need to have in mind when choosing a plumber that you can work with is the amount of money you will part with in the long run; this may seem like a small thing, but if you do not adhere to it, you will find yourself choosing a service provider, and after they have worked you cannot be able to pay them. It is important that you take your time to scout the market and know how much money you are likely to spend; then form that, you can then choose to have a budget that makes sense to you and you can afford. When you have a budget; you are better positioned to make an informed and dedicated search which means that your chances of getting quality within a short time ins increased.

Since most plumbing problems occur when we least expect, it is important that you consider the plumber and their working hours because you dedicate them to being your plumber. Since you need an emergency plumber on standby, it will not really make sense to have someone on speed dial that cannot be reached at all times; when choosing make sure that this is among the key priorities.

If you are in need of quality plumbing work, you need to make sure that you hire someone who is well trained and qualified. Special skills are required to fix the pipe right; failure to d- this can cause you spend more money to fix the home in case of further leakage. In addition to this, you should not settle unless you know that the person working on your pipes has worked on similar projects before, that will increase your chances of success.

In conclusion, you need to adhere to all the above factor without fail if you are to get an excellent emergency plumber to work with.

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Understanding Guides

How to Pursue the American Dream

There is no question that a country needs some sort of an ethos that defines what it means to be a member of that nation. In a modern world where it can be harder to find ways of discovering boundaries, there is a need to focus on these stories. Because people will grow up learning about these sorts of stories, you’re going to find that everyone will buy into things.

When you look at the ideas that people in the United States have about what it means to be part of this country, you’ll find that the American dream is a guiding force. People who have embraced the concept of the American dream are going to find that it becomes very easy to organize one’s entire life around it. In the end, you’ll have a lot of flexibility when it comes to how you’re going to pursue the American dream as it relates to your own life. What you’ll find in the post below will help you understand the American dream and what it really means to be a part of it.

You’re going to find that the most important part of the American dream for most people is the fact that they will want to accomplish everything on their own. Because of the fact that being self-reliant has been involved in the stories Americans have told themselves for hundreds of years, it is a very crucial part of things. Because of this, anyone who is looking to be successful in life will find it just as important to accomplish their goals with their own help as they do accomplishing the goal in the first place. Whether this involves starting one’s own business or simply setting out alone on some incredible goal, the truth is that doing things by one’s self will be a key part of the dream.

You might also find that the American dream will be very focused on getting a great home for themselves. In general, people are going to be looking for a home of their own that will be large enough to keep their entire family comfortably. You may also find yourself seeking out a yard that will allow you to spend time outside. Finally, the home will need to be in an area where people can feel a strong sense of attachment to their community.

For anyone who is hoping to be able to achieve the American dream, there are plenty of factors that you’ll need to consider. There is little doubt that you’ll come away from your efforts quite happy with yourself when you’ve been able to focus on finding an individual way toward success.

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Overwhelmed by the Complexity of Resources? This May Help

Best Hair Growth Options.

A lot of men and women lose a lot of hair in the face and head. This also leads to the balding problem. As a result, the cosmetic market has grown, ready to offer hair restoration products. Because a lot of people face a lot of hair problems,. They can readily pay anything to restore their hair. This article talks about the commonly used hair growth remedies.

One of the most common hair loss treatment is the laser hair growth. It is also known as photo-bio-stimulation. The scientist that invented this was trying to prove that cancer can be caused by cold laser light. As he conducted the experiment on the mice, he noticed that its hair grew. The experiment did not cause cancer. The invention was a success, and has continued being one of the major hair growth solutions. You can easily find this treatment medically, and cosmetically. Laser cap for hair treatment is an example of hair treatment in this category.

Using biotin products is also essential in helping hair to grow. Biotin is a natural product that is generally available in foods, but people might rarely use it. You can easily find biotin in vegetables such as soya beans, tomatoes,. Cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, and cucumber. You can also find it in fruits such as strawberries and in nuts, such as peanuts. It is also available in milk, eggs, halibut and liver.

Biotin hair products are specifically meant for people who do not have enough biotin. A biotin conditioner or shampoo can help in making the hair thicker. This is cheaper than laser hair growth solutions.

There are also some vitamins that aid in the growth of hair. When applied correctly, they can produce amazing hair growth results. Iron can also contribute to hair growth. This is necessary in the supply of oxygen to the blood. Iron deficiency results to anemia that is responsible in hair loss in the body.

Silica also facilitates the growth of hair in a body. Silica helps in sustaining hair, making it beautiful and thick.

In case you are having hair problems, it is advisable that you take a blood test to see whether you have all the necessary nutrients.

Not everyone is suited but a certain hair remedy. Before choosing a certain medication,, it is good that you first identify the reason for your hair loss. At times, the treatment of your hair loss might have certain side effects. It is therefore necessary that you seek the advice of a doctor on the best method of your hair growth.

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How to Shop for Christmas Presents

The festive period calls for happy times and great memories.As people meet and get a chance to catch up, they are also able to share presents with one another as a symbol of love.The process of deciding what to buy and what to leave behind makes shopping somewhat a difficult task to most people.You do not have to worry any longer as the pointers below will assist you to do your shopping this time around.

It is obvious that persons that have different ages and of varying genders have a different tastes when it comes to the things that they love.As you are quite aware of their varying preferences, there is a high probability that you can get an item that is going to appreciated.Women have a likelihood of appreciating gifts that lie under the category of jewelry, clothes, shoes, or a paid vacation in a luxurious place.When it comes to choosing presents for the men, you can select clothes, appropriate machinery, or shoes as well.In the teenage category, look for something modern and fancy that will thrill them as they could be having almost everything they could possibly need at their age. The kids selection should be items such as toys or pretty clothes.Getting a gift will not be so difficult though as you are getting one for someone who is quite close to you.

The pursuits that need to carried out during a festive period are numeral.That means that expenses are quite more as compared to the other times of the year.You should be able to make purchases of only the presents that you can pay for.There are shops out there that sell high-quality items at good prices.Ensure that you purchase only what you can afford to avoid financial constraints once the festive season is over.It is important that you remember that the small things go a long way.

The festive period is usually filled with lots of offers, in both physical and online stores.The huge discounts offered in some stores are incredible as the owners also wish to make their customers happy during this festive season as it is all about spreading love and appreciating one another in all ways possible.Take time to do a proper research and come up with the online store that will best suit your needs.Do not get surprised when you find some of your favorite items going for very cheap prices.The time that the items will be delivered to you should be within reason.

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How To Find The Best Auto Mechanic

If you have a car with you, then you must have had an emergency that needs a mechanic attention. It is a good deal to hire the best mechanic, but the problem is that they are not easily located. Most car owners who search for these professionals to do the work at their homes are the ones that go through a lot of issues. You all know how mechanics are usually very busy at work working on the cars from other clients. Most professionals are not available when you need their clients’ need their services, and that is what you need.

If you have close friends and family who have had an experience of receiving mechanic services, you need to ask them for assistance. You never know if that friend you have has ever received services from the reliable mechanic and that why you need to ask them. The referrals that the family members have are what you should be looking for when you have such an emergency. If your friend had an experience of having the best mechanic, then he/she will let you know about his/her experience and whether he/she recommends the services to you. If your friend cares about what you feel, he/she should not have any reason not to provide their insight. The friends can also give their previous professionals contacts for your clarifications.

The fact that you already have the professionals’ contacts, you need to make a call and not just hire them. Beware of some experts who do not agree for any interviews. If you find out that the professional is avoiding some questions, then just know that he/she is avoiding and hiding something. You would not like to be involved with such a professional, but you need to one who is ready to let you know everything single detail you do not know about him/her.

Experts have different professionals have different ways of approaching an issue, and you need to know about it. You should be able to ask for the credential a professional has in this field. Also, some mechanics who might have joined the industry recently could be lacking to have the right tools to undertake the job. Make sure the expert uses the new technology tools to undertake the issues on your car. Make sure the mechanic carries his/her tools with him. Thus, you need to be very strict that the professional carries his/her tools. There is no excuse you can ever buy a mechanic not carrying his/her tools. With all the tips provided above, you would end up with the right expert.

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Choosing the Best Solicitor

Relying on word of mouth is important and therefore, you ought to ask for recommendations from your friends and relatives. You ought to find time to interview your prospective solicitors so that you can learn more about them. That indicates that it is not right for you to investigate a large number of service providers because that will take a long time. That means that the solicitors that will answer all your questions confidently are a good choice for you unlike the professionals that will avoid some of your questions. In addition, make sure that you find out how long your potential professionals have been working as solicitors. Therefore, ensure that you take your time when doing your investigation process so that you can avoid wasting your resources and time.

You ought to ask for a list of former customers from the solicitors that you are investigating so that you can confirm whether they received high quality services. You should try to find an affordable solicitor that is in line with your budget. Whereas the element of price is significant, it should not be the only one that you think about when doing your search for a reliable solicitor for your case. Thus, you should not choose the solicitors that you feel doubt about their ability to offer high quality services. In case you find a solicitor that will tell you that he has many cases then you should remove him from your list of potential solicitors. Numerous solicitors are usually busy with their work and therefore, you should try to find the one that has enough customers so that he can give your project adequate attention. That means that the Internet is very resourceful and therefore, you can be certain that you will identify a suitable solicitor easily.

That means that you will be able to compare solicitor services from many websites from the comfort of your house. Another consideration is the specialization of the solicitor that you want to hire. Therefore, you ought to avoid picking the first solicitor that you find without conducting a good research process. The other consideration is the attitude of the solicitor that you will find. That means that you should avoid the service providers that are rude and unprofessional to you. Thus, you should ask for suggestions from other professionals about the solicitors that they are familiar with. In case one of your potential solicitors does not pick your calls then he is not the best choice for you. The best professional for you is the one that will give you all the details that you ask for and always be available to you when you need his help.

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A Quick Local Search Engine Optimization Services for Lawyers

In many cases it is the dream of every lawyer to have a successful law firm that will help them to deal with their clients in the best manner possible, and this is made possible by having all the requirements and a dedicated team. At this point in time every business must have an online platform where it can deal with clients most comfortably, and therefore they will need to be up to date.

The reason why a law firm would also want to operate on the online platform is to get clients, get reviews and help the clients grow and even the business grow to a big law firm. Local search engine optimization advertisement is the best thing that one can do so as to ensure that they can get traffic to their site and also to their website for the growth of the business.

With SEO one is supposed to know the market, that is where there is a high potential for getting clients to avoid wasting too many resources on the online and gaining nothing at the end. Make sure that you can join some local keywords which will be attracting to the clients and to avoid being ambiguous on the message you want to send to the clients.

It is advisable that one should refrain from the most popular words which can be used a keywords. Once a person gets to the sit all they will need to see content that is related to what brought them there, and therefore it becomes essential to ensure that the site is the best for every client who visits. For a law firm you will need to have excellent claims so that the SEO can bring you more clients to your site.

On the webpage copy one should be sure to give clients every detail of the services that are provided by the law firm, and it is essential that the text is short and at the same time they should ensure that they have dealt with some of the keywords that is simple for the client to understand. When you can get the website on the listings and also have some pages which will refer back to your site you can enjoy a lot of traffic to your site. You may even consider starting up a blog spot that will enable you to be updating new content now and then.

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